Thursday, 10 January 2013


InDesign is used for layouts, publications and books.

New Document options including UK/US page sizes. Page size should be set to dimensions of finished product, as in commercial print.

'More Options'  Columns can be added to page for newspapers etc using 'column' option. Gutter width is the space between the columns on the page.

Margins can be set on the inside/top/bottom the page, leaving a consistent border. Can be left as default, manipulated and removed completely. 

Any setting will be applied to pages which can be added, to improve consistency and flow.

Bleed and Slug: Bleed is a 3mm border so when printed and cropped so their is no edge. Compensates for inaccuracies in print. Slug is an area larger than the print. Used to contain print marks, fold marks and crop marks, etc. Printed but lost when printed to finished size and format.

Facing Pages: pages laid out showing facing pages for publications, books, etc. Shows pages next to each other as they will appear when published.

"Baffling Bleed
Let’s start with the term bleed, this is the area of artwork that is extended beyond the actual dimensions of the document. It is used to avoid strips of white paper showing on the edges of your print should the batch be misaligned when cut to size.
Any objects in your artwork that touch the edges of the document require bleed, for instance a background colour or image should spread to cover the entire bleed area as should any objects that creep in from the side of the page.
In the UK at least, bleed of 3mm is commonly required. This 3mm accounts for each of the four sides of the page, therefore you should add 6mm to the width and height of the document, for example:
A4 Paper = 210mm x 297mm
210mm + 6mm = 216mm
297mm + 6mm = 303mm
Total Document Size = 216mm x 303mm

In addition to bleed, you should also add a margin to the edges of the document to avoid having your objects look as if they are about to fall of the page or even worse actually get cropped off when the document is trimmed! The amount of margin is personal preference, but 3mm, 5mm or 10mm is usually used depending on the size of the overall design."
Source: spoongraphics

New Page; Facing Pages unchecked.

Overview of Pages

Document Setup; Pages can be added.

Additional Pages can be added, and controlled in the page palette. Management of pages within the options above.

Facing Page doc:

Cover, Pages for body copy, back cover.

Guides can be added by using the ruler tool, as in photoshop and illustrator.

Guides and columns can be added for inputting data.

Helps for consistent design and layout. Applies page at a time, so various layouts can be used.

Any text and image placed in inDesign, frames need to be placed in the layout to contain these.

Blue outlines are a frame for text. Use 'Text' tool to draw out shape before applying content.

Text formatting and layout can be helped by using placeholder text:

When text is highlighted, text can be formatted - size, style, font, etc.

Character palette brought up through Type menu. As frame is re-sized, moved, the type flows accordingly.

By pressing down on the handle on the frame prior to resizing, the text moves with the frame, for an accurate live update of how the text is positioned. Text frame highlighted when centralised on page, with purple line. When aligning more than one frame, a green line is shown to show perfect alignment. 

Word files can be imported straight into inDesign and frame. File > Place; Select Word Document

Red square on bottom right indicates overflow of text; frame needs to be larger/re sized.

Text can flow across multiple frames, i.e. columns, as shown below. Click red square, and click again where text is to be placed.


Preparing Photoshop images for inDesign/Print:

1. Actual Size.
2. Ensure colour mode of images is CMYK/Greyscale for black and white images. Don't work with RGB.
3. Resolution, 300dpi.
4. Safe as .tif file or .psd NOT .jpeg for print.


1. Does not have to be accurate size, as vectors can be resized and manipulated.
2. CMYK.
3. Save as .ai file.

File > Place to insert images on to the page.
Images have an automatic blue frame which is created when the image is placed on the canvas. Using the selection tool sizing and placement can be edited. Two circles in centre are called the 'content grabber'. 

When content grabber is selected, it highlights the actual image, not the frame, so then the image can be re sized and moved within the frame itself. 
 If image size is manipulated through inDesign the image with lose resolution and quality, leaving it pixilated. 

Before the images are inserted, images should be resized and edited in photoshop before hand, therefore exact measurements need to be known, planned and laid out.

Illustrator images:

 Use Rectangle Frame Tool to open frame in order to 'place' vector/.ai file into.

The image is too big for the frame, so by using the content grabber tool, the image can be resized as a vector to fit without manipulation, pixilation or losing resolution, as shown below.

The image now fits in the frame, and can be moved around the page.

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