1452 - Gutenburg Press and Revolutionary Type - 1st Graphic Designers to work with typography.
The first type to be used in the Gutenberg Press is Black Letter - Calligraphy/Hand Writing.
1503 - first 'organised' and 'sophisticated type'.
Before 1452, the only books which were around and printed were the religious bibles/study books hand typed and bound by the Monks.
A revolution came around where by people could print type and bind books, allowing them to have their own opinions and values published. The introduction of moveable type allowed production to be much quicker and smoother. Costs would be quite expensive and vary.
Only the past 20 years, the digital revolution has come into play allowing type to be designed, printed and produced extremely quickly in comparison.
We recognise the shape of words using negative space.
Small Caps are used for SMALL PRINT, due to it being very hard to read, allowing it to fool people, i.e. small print people won't bother/or find too hard to read.
(Research again into type terminology).
Classifying typefaces - Old Face, Transitional, Modern Face, Slab Serif, Sans Serif, Decorative and Display, Script and Bold, Blackletter and Bold.
Descriptions - Catherine Dixon - Source (decorative/pictorial, handwritten, roman, 19th century vernacular, Additional)
Formal Attributes - Construction (Continuous, Broken or Interrupted, Stencil, Modular/Separate Elements, Reference to Tools, Character Set, Shape, Curves, Aspect/Details of Curves, Upright Stems, Other Details (cross bar), proportions, width, Relative Proportions internal/external, modelling, axis and contrast, transition, weight, colour)